A journey into the tiny homes of people searching for simplicity, self-sufficiency, minimalism and happiness by creating shelter in caves, converted garages, trailers, tool sheds, river boats and former pigeon coops.
After the treatment of the household wastewater in an Anaerobic Baffled Reactor, which will remove most of the solids and will greatly improve the quality of the effluent, the issue with the odor and with the presence of certain amount organic materials will remain and can be resolved by a small scale constructed wetland.
This article points to the results from a study of the processes involved in treating wastewater in an Anaerobic Baffled Reactor and collecting methane as a byproduct. An ABR is essentially a combination between a septic tank and a biogas reactor, whose design aims to increase the contact time with the active biomass (sludge), which in term results in improved treatment. ABRs are often used for the primary treatement of wastewater in DEWATS (DEcentralized WAstewater Treatment Systems), while a constructed wetland is used for the secondary treatement.
If you have a cabin or a small house in a remote location, you are by all means already familiar with the issue of disposing human waste from defecation and urination. If you still haven’t built your cabin, you might want to delay it a bit and first build an outdoor toilet, which will provide you with more comfort while building you cabin. This article provides information on how to build an outdoor toilet (also referred as outhouse or latrine), in conditions where there is no sewage and building a septic system is not feasible.